Archivos de la categoría ingles

The Berlin Blockade

In history, we started to see the Cold War, and one of the events which lead to the start of it: the Berlin Blockade. After reading the book and watching some videos, we had to do a chart and answer some questions about the topic.




  1. What was life like in Berlin in the post-war era?

In the Yalta Conference, it was agreed that Berlin would be divided into four zones: a Soviet, an American, a French and a British. The city was devastated after the war, so both sides were in a state of poverty. However, while the Western side was seeking recovery, the Eastern side leader was seeking keep the zone crippled.

  1. How did Soviet policy towards Berlin differ from that of the West?

On the one hand, the West side policy was one of recovery, as well as being capitalist. On the other hand, the East side policy had as an objective to keep the zone crippled, and was Communist.

  1. Why was reform of the German currency a key issue for both sides?

Germany having a self currency meant economic independance and freedom. It was an important step for recovery. Moreover, it was a way to represent the new Germany, different from the one from the past. The West encouraged Germany to have a currency of its own, while the East didn’t.

  1. Why was the airlift such a major feat?

The airlift was a way of showing the world that the West wouldn’t fall under Soviet tirany, and was a real conflict, which contributed to the atmosphere of tension, and to the start of the Cold War.

  1. In what respect can the USSR and US be responsible for further increasing tensions during the airlift?

On the one hand, the USSR was responsible, as she was the one who started the conflict by closing all the roads, and tried to persuade Western people to go to the East. On the other hand, the USA was responsible too, as she sent a lot of air supplies, increasing tension and showing a will to resist.

  1. Why did Stalin eventually agree to talks over the airlift?

Stalin agreed to talks over the airlift, as he could clearly see that the Blockade wouldn’t stop the West from opposing to Communist expansion, and keeping their side of Berlin. He could see the Americsn will to resist, and realisrd the Blockade wasn’t helping at all.


Extension question: On the one hand, the USSR was to blame, as she interrupted peace with the blockade. On the other hand, the USA was to blame as well, as she was willing to resist any Soviet attempt to expand.

Description and Poem of the Pilar Church | Tomás Braun and Matías Ripoll


Description of the Church

The church of Pillar is situated in Recoleta, Buenos Aires. It was built as a part of the Franciscan monastery in 1732 and is dedicated to our lady of the Pillar. It is the second-oldest church and its construction was begun by the Italian Andres Blanqui and finished under Juan Bautista Primoli. Despite its antiquity, this church keeps attracting people.

From distance, you can appreciate a delightful garden with two brick-made sideroads. The garden is made of a perfectly cut and greenish grass covered with white and growing flowers. Black fences surround the garden working as protection. The outside of the church has a white color and it contains rectangular windows all over the front side of it. The church has a triangular-shaped roof and on the left of it at the top, a white bell can be seen. The entrance of the Church of Pilar is white and has black gratings to forbid the access to it. As you get in, there is an area with a brick-made floor which leads to the big wooden gate, which gives access to the inside of the kirk

      As you enter, you can perceive two lines of brownish benches and between them, a thin corridor is made. This one leads to the altar of the church and three chairs in which the priest and the altar boys sit. In addition a golden-made and huge sculpture which has, at the center of it, our lady of the pillar. At the sides of the church white columns with significative Christian statues can be seen. The ceiling is white, giving the inside of the church a light color.

       All in all, the church of pilar has a delightful appearance in both the inside and outside of it, and it is for this reason that many tourists decide to visit it every day.



Poem – The Pilar Church


Built by his followers,

Lighted by his angelical advice

Even the Lord was flabbergasted

by the souls it enticed


The white walls illuminated their faith

The greenish grass lighted a delightful day while the Lord waited for their entrance

accepting every one of their repentance


And through the wooden gates, there she stands,

Delightfully seeing everyone’s face

In front of her, her dead son,

The Lord’s word being said for everyone in the place


She is not alone there, though,

Sunday noon fills her house with pained,

Agonising spirits,  praying for help and salvation,

A man kindly speaks “it’s okay to be afraid”


As big as a Roman temple,

Her greatness as big as a Church,

Standing above the Pilar,

Jesus’ utterances being said,

“It’s okay to be afraid”, they say,

“My fault, hit me with your birch”.

Lionheart Poster

In our Literature class, we analyzed the poem Lion Heart by Amanda Chong from “Songs of Ourselves”. According to a post on Pat’s blog, in groups, we had to analyze the poem following two videos and a presentation of its analysis and later create a poster including certain information. This is the poster I made with Matias Ripoll.

Language Online Test


a) The man was walking through the street. It was around half past nine, and he was very tired, as he had been playing football with his friends all the afternoon, something he used to do once a week. It was cold, as it had snowed for a while. Because of this, he wanted to arrive home quickly, so he began to run. Unfortunately, he decided to cross the road, and, while he was running, a drunk man stroke him with his car and ran away. If he had grabbed a coat before going to play football, we wouldn’t have been in such a hurry to get home, and, therefore, wouldn’t have had the accident. Fortunately, he was found by a woman, who immediately helped him.



Simple Past:  It was a cold night

Past Continuous: I was working late

Past Perfect: I was tired because I had been working for hours

Past Perfect Continuous: Before the football match, it had been raining all the afternoon, so the pitch was wet

Type 3: If i had found you ten minutes later, it would have been too late




The story takes place in Memphis, USA, in the 1950s, and is about a wealthy black family conformed of two parents, who have two daughters, Wilma and Lois. The story is told in the point of view of the youngest daughter, Lois. One day, the father comes to their house with a gold cadillac, and shows it to all his family, who lived with him, and to all his black neighbours. They were all amazed, however, his wife wasn’t because he promised to use the money to buy a new house. Then, he announces he will travel with it to Mississippi, a place full of racist people. When they were arriving, the police stopped them, accusing them of stealing the car, and they took the father to the police station.In there, they had to pay a speed ticket, and,when they got out,the decided not to go deeper into the south, so they went back to the north. The story finishes with the father selling the car, and buying another one in a cheaper price.

Some classes ago, our bIology teacher, told us to create a model of the urinary system, using trash, as the image(taken from our teacher’s blogs) shows. The purpose of this, was that we shouldn’t need to buy things and that this trash materials, would have another use. In this project, I’ve worked with Matías Ripoll.

As the image, taken from our teacher’s blog, shows we used cans of drinks covered with red paper, to represent the kidneys, as they´re red. Moreover, ureter and urethra were presented in our project with strings. Also, the renal artery and the aorta were made by us with red straws, while the renal vein and the vena cava were made with blue straws. Finally, we use a plastic sac to represent the bladder.


As a last step, we should include each function, of each organ of this system. And this is what we wrote:



  • Kidneys: The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs found on the left and right sides of the body in vertebrates. The kidneys receive blood through the renal artery. The blood reaches the kidney and this one, together with its components(millions of nephrons) start to work. The wastes, such as urea, salt, water and minerals which weren´t extracted from food, are removed from blood and converted by the kidneys (and functional nephrons inside them) into urine, which is drained down a tube by the name of ureter.
  • Nephron: The nephron is the tiny structure in your kidneys which helps to filter your blood. Each of your kidneys contain more than a million of these structures. It removes the wastes(urea, salts, water, minerals) from blood and converts them into urine, which is later passed through the ureter into the bladder.
  • The ureter: The ureter is a large tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder. There are two ureters, one attached to each kidney. In the abdomen, the upper half of the ureter is located and the lower half is situated in the pelvic area. In adults, the ureter is about 10 to 12 inches long and it always has thick walls composed of a fibrous, a muscular, and a mucus coat, which is able to contract.
  • The bladder: The bladder is an expandable muscular sac located in the lower abdominal area near the pelvic bones. This one stores and keeps urine before it is excreted out of the body through the urethra. The bladder contracts when it is empty. When empty, the bladder’s muscle wall becomes thicker and the entire bladder becomes firm.
  • The Urethra: Throughout the urethra, the urinary bladder and the outside of the body are connected. Once the bladder becomes full, urine flows through the urethra and leaves the body. The urethra is more than just a urinary duct; it also serves as a conduit for semen and sperm during sexual acts in men.
  • The renal veins: There are two renal veins, the left one and the right one. They branch off the inferior vena cava and drain oxygen-depleted blood from the kidneys. As they enter the kidneys, each vein separates into two parts. The posterior veins drain the posterior section of each kidney, while the anterior veins do this same thing but in the front part. These veins also drain blood from the ureter, which carries urine away from the kidneys to the bladder.
  • The renal artery: The renal artery is one of the two blood vessels which leave the abdominal aorta and enter the kidneys. The renal artery enters through the hilum, and once it does this, it splits into two main branches. These ones each then split into numerous smaller arteries called nephrons, which deliver blood to different areas of the kidneys.
  • The inferior vena cava: The inferior vena cava is a large vein that transports de-oxygenated blood(most of the oxygen has been removed by tissues, and therefore the blood is darker) to the heart from the lower body(legs and lower torso).
  • The abdominal aorta: The abdominal aorta is the largest artery in the abdominal cavity. As part of the aorta, it is a direct continuation of the descending aorta and branches to form the major arteries of the abdomen. It provides blood to the organs and tissues of the abdomen, pelvis, and legs.



Finally, this is our labelled model:

Respiration + Gas Exchange

Activity 11,3 Book Page 143

A1: it is important to boil water to drive off any dissolved water

A2:Water has to cool down because, if not, the yeast would die

A3: the paraffin’s function is to isolate yeast from outside’ air

A4:in the tube containing living yeast, the substance will be cloudy, as the yeast will respire. However, in the tube containing dead yeast, the substance will be clear, as yeast are not resiring.

A5: the new substance that will appear in the living yeast test tube is alcohol, as it is the product of annaerobical respiration in yeast.

A6:  to be continued…