Archivos de la categoría literature

Description and Poem of the Pilar Church | Tomás Braun and Matías Ripoll


Description of the Church

The church of Pillar is situated in Recoleta, Buenos Aires. It was built as a part of the Franciscan monastery in 1732 and is dedicated to our lady of the Pillar. It is the second-oldest church and its construction was begun by the Italian Andres Blanqui and finished under Juan Bautista Primoli. Despite its antiquity, this church keeps attracting people.

From distance, you can appreciate a delightful garden with two brick-made sideroads. The garden is made of a perfectly cut and greenish grass covered with white and growing flowers. Black fences surround the garden working as protection. The outside of the church has a white color and it contains rectangular windows all over the front side of it. The church has a triangular-shaped roof and on the left of it at the top, a white bell can be seen. The entrance of the Church of Pilar is white and has black gratings to forbid the access to it. As you get in, there is an area with a brick-made floor which leads to the big wooden gate, which gives access to the inside of the kirk

      As you enter, you can perceive two lines of brownish benches and between them, a thin corridor is made. This one leads to the altar of the church and three chairs in which the priest and the altar boys sit. In addition a golden-made and huge sculpture which has, at the center of it, our lady of the pillar. At the sides of the church white columns with significative Christian statues can be seen. The ceiling is white, giving the inside of the church a light color.

       All in all, the church of pilar has a delightful appearance in both the inside and outside of it, and it is for this reason that many tourists decide to visit it every day.



Poem – The Pilar Church


Built by his followers,

Lighted by his angelical advice

Even the Lord was flabbergasted

by the souls it enticed


The white walls illuminated their faith

The greenish grass lighted a delightful day while the Lord waited for their entrance

accepting every one of their repentance


And through the wooden gates, there she stands,

Delightfully seeing everyone’s face

In front of her, her dead son,

The Lord’s word being said for everyone in the place


She is not alone there, though,

Sunday noon fills her house with pained,

Agonising spirits,  praying for help and salvation,

A man kindly speaks “it’s okay to be afraid”


As big as a Roman temple,

Her greatness as big as a Church,

Standing above the Pilar,

Jesus’ utterances being said,

“It’s okay to be afraid”, they say,

“My fault, hit me with your birch”.

Lionheart Poster

In our Literature class, we analyzed the poem Lion Heart by Amanda Chong from “Songs of Ourselves”. According to a post on Pat’s blog, in groups, we had to analyze the poem following two videos and a presentation of its analysis and later create a poster including certain information. This is the poster I made with Matias Ripoll.

Literature Activity on Sredni Vashtar | By Francisco Montoya, Olivia Obligado, Trinidad Porretti and Tomás Braun

Full analysis of paragraph 5 of Sredni Vashtar;


‘After a while Conradin’s absorption in the tool-shed began to attract the notice of his guardian. “It is not good for him to be pottering down there in all weathers”, she promptly decided, and at breakfast one morning she announced that the Houdan Hen had been sold and taken away overnight. With her short-sighted eyes, she peered at Conradin, waiting for an outbreak of rage and sorrow, which she was ready to rebuke with a flow of excellent precepts and reasoning. But Conradin said nothing; there was nothing to be said. Something perhaps in his white set face gave her a momentary qualm, for a tea that afternoon there was a toast on the table, a delicacy which she usually banned on the ground that it was bad for him; also because of the making of it “gave trouble”, a deadly offence in the middle-class feminine eye.’

All throughout this paragraph, we can see that through Conradin’s point of view he feels dared by his guardian, Mrs De Ropp.  As she sold his Houdan Hen she expected Conradin to misbehave or yell to her. But he did not, Conradin did all the opposite. He continued taking his tea.

 In this paragraph, we can see how Conradin’s cousin starts to become suspicious about his time spent in the shed. We still have the same question we have all throughout the story about the diegesis of the story being Conradin’s fantasy. This doubt can be reflected in this paragraph because Mrs. De Ropp sells the Houdan Hen, and Conradin believes she did it on purpose to upset him, but we can never be sure if she did it aiming to bother and provoke Conradin, or if she just did it for any other reason that had nothing to do with him. Conradin thinks she wanted him to have an “outbreak of rage and sorrow” (emotional breakdown)in front of her, so she could then inquire him. However, as Cconradin thought she did it on purpose, he didn’t want her to taste the pleasure of him being sad. Therefore, he repressed his anger and feelings. In addition, he says nothing because “there was nothing to be said”, however, as we go on reading the story, we can realize that there was nothing to be said, but something to be done. He finds satisfaction in her suffering and displeasure, and he believes she finds pleasure in his sadness. Here we can see Conradin’s repression, as he behaves quietly and does as he is told by his cousin, he doesn’t express himself, he shows respect to her although that he has an inner feeling of hatred towards her. He does not show how he feels or the evil thoughts he has, he keeps it all in his mind. Moreover, we can see that inside the house, Mrs. De Ropp has the authority, and when she is inside, Conradin shows her respect, although that’s not what he truly feels towards her. He can understand that when she’s inside the house, he has no power at all, in any way, but that changes when either he’s in the shed, or when he is in the house, and she isn’t.

In this paragraph comes again the important symbol of the toast, which is Conradin’s unattainable object of desire, which Mrs. De Ropp deprived him of, as we can see in this quote “that afternoon there was toast on the table, a delicacy which she usually banned” mainly because his cousin said it was bad for him and that the making of it gave too much trouble. The toast symbolized freedom and celebration for Conradin, which he gets at the end but we will not explain because is not within our paragraph. In this paragraph we can also see how Mrs. De Ropp oppresses Conradin telling him what to do whether what not, and keeping a close eye on him; as seen in this when she tells him about his time spent in the shed, “It’s not good for him to be pottering down there in all weathers”. She constantly challenges Conradin, for instance when she sells the Houdan Hen, so that when he finally burst out, she can rebuke him, but he never lets her have that satisfaction.

This extract of the story is written in 3rd person narrator limited and focalized to Conradin’s mind, as everything we see is from Conradin’s point of view, such as his non-stop belief that his cousin hates him. The fact that the story is written in this narrator gives us the doubt that the realm of the story can be Conradin’s fantasy(inner reality), or if it is true (outer)reality.

In this paragraph there’s also characterization of Mrs. De Ropp as someone evil who finds pleasure in a kid’s sadness(Conradin) because she constantly wants him to have emotional breakdowns so she can rebuke him, as we can see here; “she was ready to rebuke with a flow of excellent precepts and reasoning.”, she was ready to give him a sermon of what is wrong and what is right, how children should behave, and that he(Conradin) misbehaves.

Moreover, in this extract we can see Conradin’s personality. He is an persuasive, imaginative boy, who lives his life inside his imagination, and not in reality. He always makes his own interpretation about the real world and that interpretation is what Conradin takes as reality, the only reality he lived in was in his imagination.

Finally, we can appreciate Saki’s style when writing. He uses a macabre and fantastic style, which shows through the character of Conradin and the actions he take, as well as the thoughts he has. He thinks that Mrs De Ropp sold the Hen to bother him. When she waits for a reaction from Contadin, he said nothing because there was nothing to be said, but to be done   

Essay Writting-Passion by Tomás Braun and Matías Ripoll

Essay question: “Explore how the voice of the poem Love III shows a change as the poem develops”.

As this story develops, the personna shows a change according to being worthy of receiving God’s love and being his guest.

To begin with, the character wasn’t able to accept his invitation because he felt “Guilty of dust and sin”. Despite this fact, Love is personified as God and acts fondly towards him as we can see in the following quotation: “Drew nearer to me, sweetly questioning, if I lacked anything”. In addition, this extract from the poem shows that love thinks that the speaker has all the qualities to be his guest. As the poem progresses, in spite of God’s acceptance, the raconteur still refuses to enter heaven. Moreover, through the rhetorical question “Who made the eyes but I?” the divine being explains to the storyteller that he can look love with the eyes he gave him.

At the beginning of the third stanza, the speaker accepts what God says, in spite of the fact, he still feels unworthy because he ruined what the celestial being gave him. We can see this through the extract “Truth lord, but I have marred them: let my shame”. Furthermore, when the creator transmits “Who bore the blame?” he wants to explain that Christ died on the cross to make us free from sin. Moreover, in the third line of the fifth stanza, we can see love says to the voice “you must sit down, and taste my meat”. This metaphor means that, now that the speaker is in God’s house, he must obey Him. Also, it is a reference to the last supper. Finally, the personna obeyed his word when he says “I will serve”. Through this quotation, we can see that the personna understands and accepts what God was trying to transmit.
All in all, as the poem develops, the voice of the poem changes his feelings about accepting God’s invitation.

Rite of Passage-Tyres

Rite of Passage:

1- Unattainable object of desire: Raoul’s object of desire was the girl called Cécile Viala. He wanted her to be his girlfriend, he loved her, however, he didn’t have the braveness to talk to her.

2- The break of the father’s law: His moment of trespassing, is when he fixes the tyre incorrectly, breaking his father’s law.

3- Dare: The challenge that he faced is to break his father’s law when he repaired the tyre in an incorrect way. He mischief because he did what he shouldn’t have done because this caused his girlfriend death.

4- Face what he had done in a mature way: The personna didn’t face in a mature way what he had done because he didn’t move on with his life from her death.

5- Reparation: In this story, Raoul didn’t repair what he had done. He didn’t face what he had done, so he couldn’t have had the chance of repairing what he had done.

In conclusion, Raoul didn’t mature because he didn’t complete the rite of passage.

“Song”, by Lady Mary Wroth

As Pato was not present on Friday’s class, she left us some work to do which consists on six questions about the poem “song” by Lady Mary Wroth. Here are the Q&A:

1-Who is the voice?

2-Write a summary for each stanza.

3-What is the theme? And the tone?

4-Find at least 3 literary devices and explain them.

5-In your opinion, which is the most powerful line?

6-Do you agree with the speaker? Give reasons.



1)The voice in this poem is a woman, who personifies love as a selfish child


2)In the first stanza, the personna is personifying love as a child. This woman tells us that the child’s desire is insatiable, and he’s never happy, always crying. In addition, Wroth compares children with men because of their behaviour in front of women. In the second stanza, the voice tells us that love’s need has no limits, he values craziness above all else, and that love breaks her promises. Moreover, the writer tells us through the story that men can not be trusted. In the third stanza, the narrator says that love makes false promises, he makes false flattery and that love leads to abandonment. Furthermore, the writer tells that men are cheaters and they usually abandon women. In the fourth stanza, the storyteller says love will take pleasure from your pain and that the benefits you take from love are minimum. As well as the other stanzas, Lady Mary Worth shows that in every “battle” against man, women will always lose. Finally, in the fifth stanza, the ferocity of love is compared to the ferocity of a wolf, and that we should not look for it.


3)The themes of this story are selfishness, men actions and love between men and women . The tones of this poem are confident, warning and advising


4)Some of the literary devices I found on the poem were:

-Metaphor: I found many metaphors in the poem. One of them was: “love a child is ever crying”

-Personification: In the poem, love is being personified as a child.

-Alliteration:We can see an alliteration in here: “Feathers are as firm in staying”


5)  In my opinion, the most powerful line in the poem is: “Let him gain the hand, he will leave you”. I chose this line because it says that love leads to abandonment.


6)  I do not agree with what the speaker is saying. I think that the fact that the writer seems to be heartbroken and wrote what she thinks about love does not mean that is true. In my opinion, love does not break her promises, love does not take pleasure from your pain and love can not be compared to wolves because I don´t find any ferocity in it.

The Prison by Bernard Malamud

Determinism: The antecedent from the past determine or establish the events or actions in the present.

In this story determinism affects tony because he can not pick his choices of what to do, however, he panics and ends up determining his actions by his past.

This man doesn´t have controls over his life and his actions. He is not even safe of his choices this shows his insecureness.

Pato told us to see the slideshare that Senior 2 had made and explain which things we didn’t know and which things we knew that aren’t there.

We found new the biography of the writer. Something interesting about it is that he was an inmigrant, as well as Tommy.

The things missing were:

-The theory of determinism, which said that the antecedents from the past determine or establish the events or actions in the present.

In this story, determinism affects tony because he can not pick his choices of what to do, however, he panics and ends up determining his actions by his past.

-Foreshadowing: When Tommy starts thinking that he wants to grab the girl by the neck, it foreshadows when Rosa grabs the girl by the neck at the end of the story.

-Another thing that is not in their slideshare is the Rite of Passage.

Rite of Passage


             Games at Twilight ↙                          ↘The Prison



Games at twilight:


1-Ravi wants to be mature, win the game and be like the older kids.

2-Ravi hides in the shed, he passed the limits of the Veranda and porch that her mother had previously put.

3-The dare in this story happens when Ravi has to deal to hide in the spooky, odd and queer shed.

4-No element number four.

5-No element number five.

Conclusion: He didn’t mature nor complete the rite of passage.



1- Tommy’s unreachable thing is to save the girl from being a thief. He thinks that his life has a purpose but he doesn’t understand that the one that needs help is him.

2- Tommy’s trespassing moment is when he bought a slot machine without asking Rosa or her father.

3- Tommy’s dare is to save the girl from being a thief. He thinks that his life has a purpose now.

4- There is no element four because he didn’t confess with matureness. He hit Rosa lika an immature.

5- There is no element five because he didn’t understand that the girl is just a girl and not a thief and he is the one that needs help.

Conclusion: He didn’t mature nor comple the rite of passage.



Games at twilight:

1- ‘”You are dead” he said with satisfaction.’ This foreshadows Ravi’s death of innocence and chilhood in the end.

Prison: ” Then he remembered how he had felt when Dome has gone, and tears filled his eyes”. The moment of foreshadowing in Prison happens when Tommy starts thinking about his uncle and his relationship with him and this, after, affects his decision about how to talk to the girl.

Specular moment:

Games at Twilight: The specular moment in this story happens when Manu was caught by Raghu and Ravi realises that he was the next one, that he had no escape. He started to feel panic.

Prison: “He felt he ought to do someting for her, warn her to cut it out before she got trapped and fouled up her life before it got started”. This quotations shows how Tommy sees her future reflected on his life. He wanted to warn her because she would end up being a thief. However, he couldn’t see the truth, he was the one who needed help.



Games at Twilight: One of the epiphanies in Games at Twilight happens at the end, when Ravi realises that he was a kid, that none of his friends care about him and that he had to mature.

Prison: The epiphanic moment in Prison happens when Tommy realises that his mind was a prison. He couldn’t get out of it and take his own decisions. He didn’t have the faith nor security to do it. A great quotation which explains it is this one: “You could never see the sky outside or the ocean because you were in a prison, except nobody called it a prison”.