Archivo de la categoría: prose

Rite of Passage-Tyres

Rite of Passage:

1- Unattainable object of desire: Raoul’s object of desire was the girl called Cécile Viala. He wanted her to be his girlfriend, he loved her, however, he didn’t have the braveness to talk to her.

2- The break of the father’s law: His moment of trespassing, is when he fixes the tyre incorrectly, breaking his father’s law.

3- Dare: The challenge that he faced is to break his father’s law when he repaired the tyre in an incorrect way. He mischief because he did what he shouldn’t have done because this caused his girlfriend death.

4- Face what he had done in a mature way: The personna didn’t face in a mature way what he had done because he didn’t move on with his life from her death.

5- Reparation: In this story, Raoul didn’t repair what he had done. He didn’t face what he had done, so he couldn’t have had the chance of repairing what he had done.

In conclusion, Raoul didn’t mature because he didn’t complete the rite of passage.

The Prison by Bernard Malamud

Determinism: The antecedent from the past determine or establish the events or actions in the present.

In this story determinism affects tony because he can not pick his choices of what to do, however, he panics and ends up determining his actions by his past.

This man doesn´t have controls over his life and his actions. He is not even safe of his choices this shows his insecureness.

Pato told us to see the slideshare that Senior 2 had made and explain which things we didn’t know and which things we knew that aren’t there.

We found new the biography of the writer. Something interesting about it is that he was an inmigrant, as well as Tommy.

The things missing were:

-The theory of determinism, which said that the antecedents from the past determine or establish the events or actions in the present.

In this story, determinism affects tony because he can not pick his choices of what to do, however, he panics and ends up determining his actions by his past.

-Foreshadowing: When Tommy starts thinking that he wants to grab the girl by the neck, it foreshadows when Rosa grabs the girl by the neck at the end of the story.

-Another thing that is not in their slideshare is the Rite of Passage.

Rite of Passage


             Games at Twilight ↙                          ↘The Prison



Games at twilight:


1-Ravi wants to be mature, win the game and be like the older kids.

2-Ravi hides in the shed, he passed the limits of the Veranda and porch that her mother had previously put.

3-The dare in this story happens when Ravi has to deal to hide in the spooky, odd and queer shed.

4-No element number four.

5-No element number five.

Conclusion: He didn’t mature nor complete the rite of passage.



1- Tommy’s unreachable thing is to save the girl from being a thief. He thinks that his life has a purpose but he doesn’t understand that the one that needs help is him.

2- Tommy’s trespassing moment is when he bought a slot machine without asking Rosa or her father.

3- Tommy’s dare is to save the girl from being a thief. He thinks that his life has a purpose now.

4- There is no element four because he didn’t confess with matureness. He hit Rosa lika an immature.

5- There is no element five because he didn’t understand that the girl is just a girl and not a thief and he is the one that needs help.

Conclusion: He didn’t mature nor comple the rite of passage.



Games at twilight:

1- ‘”You are dead” he said with satisfaction.’ This foreshadows Ravi’s death of innocence and chilhood in the end.

Prison: ” Then he remembered how he had felt when Dome has gone, and tears filled his eyes”. The moment of foreshadowing in Prison happens when Tommy starts thinking about his uncle and his relationship with him and this, after, affects his decision about how to talk to the girl.

Specular moment:

Games at Twilight: The specular moment in this story happens when Manu was caught by Raghu and Ravi realises that he was the next one, that he had no escape. He started to feel panic.

Prison: “He felt he ought to do someting for her, warn her to cut it out before she got trapped and fouled up her life before it got started”. This quotations shows how Tommy sees her future reflected on his life. He wanted to warn her because she would end up being a thief. However, he couldn’t see the truth, he was the one who needed help.



Games at Twilight: One of the epiphanies in Games at Twilight happens at the end, when Ravi realises that he was a kid, that none of his friends care about him and that he had to mature.

Prison: The epiphanic moment in Prison happens when Tommy realises that his mind was a prison. He couldn’t get out of it and take his own decisions. He didn’t have the faith nor security to do it. A great quotation which explains it is this one: “You could never see the sky outside or the ocean because you were in a prison, except nobody called it a prison”.

Review of “Games at Twilight” by Tomás Braun, Bautista Buljevich and Francisco Montoya

   Review of “Games at Twilight” by Anita Desai


This wonderful story takes place in a too hot, sunny day. Some children were inside their house in this terrible summer heat. The author uses “too” to indicate that it was not a comfortable day, it was an oppressive day: “Their faces were red and bloated”. In this quotation, we can see that, as it was too hot, they suffered a lot. After the kids begged to go outside, they were finally released from the house, with the condition of just staying in the porch and on the veranda: “A band of parrots suddenly fell out of the eucalyptus tree”. This shows that their reaction was so crazy to the extent to be compared with animals. Finally, between line 1 and 38, we can find language used to express suffocation: “They feel that their lungs were stuffed with cotton wool”. This expresses that kids were feeling like in a prison.

At the first two pages. the story concentrates in three characters: Raghu, Manu, and Mira. Mira is the oldest girl in the family. She is called the “motherly” of the kids because, as she is the oldest, she acts like a mother. Manu is the smallest of the family. We can say he is innocent because he’s just a little boy and he’s inoffensive. He admires the older kids, specially Raghu. Finally, the book mentions Raghu. He is one of the oldest of the family. He is tall and has long, hefty, hairy, football player legs. He’s a bad loser, aggressive and a bully. He has as an objective to make the other children feel scared of him. Younger kids admire him.

Then, the story focuses on one character, Ravi. At first, he felt scared, desperate and felt the desire to be older. He was hiding in a flower spot but, as he heard Raghu coming, he entered a mysterious shed. This shed was dark, spooky, full of animal life and with forgotten things. This is important to Ravi’s feelings because they are symbols of death and shows that Ravi has been forgotten as the things inside the shed. In spite of this, he felt he was a winner after Raghu didn’t find him: “Ravi shook, then shivered with delight, with self-congratulation”. Here we can see Ravi was proud of himself and expected to win against Raghu for the first time. Also, it gives us the foreshadowing of what’s going to happened next.

When Ravi was inside the shed, as we have already said, he felt he finally was going to defeat Raghu and he felt protected when he heard him coming, but, at the same time, he felt scared because of being in such a dark and spooky, full of animals with a muffled smell place. Inside the shed, Ravi started daydreaming about how was going to be the moment when he would win the game. Although he was daydreaming things which happened on real life, he decided to stay inside the shed and life went on: “The parents would sit out on the lawn on cane basket chairs and watch them as they tore around the garden”. In this quotation we can see what Ravi was daydreaming about. When he was thinking what would it be when he reached victory, he thought that his uncle would buy him a whole chocolate bar for him, he would defeat Raghu and he would be the winner in a group of older kids than him.

When twilight approached, he started to hear the children singing and chanting, he could saw purple shadows of the shed, the sound of water falling and the lawn was shut off his view. He had forgotten he had to touch the den, he had forgotten the other part of the game. He felt forgotten and abandoned. When he was outside the shed, the children were playing other games. He felt rage and pity inside, he had tears in his face, he felt miserable while shouting: “Den! Den! Den!”. Moreover, he felt he was forgotten as well as the things inside the shed. When the others saw this situation, they all stared at him, they didn’t recognize him. They were wondering what was he doing, what did he pretended to do with that “wild animal howling”. After this, the children started to make an arc and chanted: “The grass is green, the rose is red; remember me when I am dead, dead, dead, dead”. This symbolises that what was dead was Ravi´s childhood and innocence. He felt upset

“Games at twilight” by Anita Desai Tomas Braun and Alvaro Ballesteros.

    “Games at twilight” by Anita Desai


1-Check information about the writer (7 important facts about her life).

2-Look up what “twilight” symbolizes.

3-Read the first page of the story.

-Look up new words in the dictionary.

-Describe the weather, how do people feel?

-Find words/phrases in connection to death and oppression.


She won the British Guardian Prize.

She grew up speaking German, because her mother was German and, on the school or outside the house, she learned Bengali, as her father, Urdu, Hindi and English.

-She was born on June the 24th of 1937.

-She was Indian

-She started writing at the age of seven and published her first book at the age of nine

-She started her career in 1967 with the novel “Cry, the Peacock”

-She received her B.A in english literature in 1957 from the University of Delhi.



Twilight symbolizes the dividing line which joins and separates two opposites. One example is Heaven and Hell.




Bloat: To expand or distend, for example, water, air, etc

-Stifle: To crush or end by force

-Burst: To break, break open, or fly apart with sudden

Sari: a garment worn by Hindu women, consisting of a long piece of cotton or silk wrapped around the body with one end draped over the head or over one shoulder.

-Bougainvillea: any of several shrubs or vines of the genus Bougainvillea, native to South America, having small flowers with showy, variously colored bracts, and often cultivated in warm regions.

-Shrieks: To shout or yell.

 2) The twilight is the half-light of mornings or evenings. People feel that they are joined with their enemies or opposites. People feel peaceful.

 3) “Their faces were red and bloated with the effort, but their mother would not open the door, everything was still curtained and shuttered in a way that stifled the children, made the feel that their lungs were stuffed with cotton wool and if  they didn’t burst out into the light and see the sun  and feel the air, they would choke.”