1) What are the aims of the league?
2)What happened to Wilson when he returned to the USA after signing the treaty of Versailles?
3)Why did German immigrants didn’t want to join the league
4)What economic reason did the USA give to stay out of the league?
5)How did Americans feel about imperialism in Europe
6)Why did Poland invade Vilna? Why did the League not act about it?
7)Why was Upper Silesia an important region for Poland and Germany?
8) How did the League solve the problem in Vilna?
9)What did the League decide to do about the Aaland Islands?
10) Why did Mussolini invade Greece in the Corfu conflict?
11) Why was the League criticised about the resolution in the Corfu conflict?
12) How did the Geneva Protocol weaken the League?
13) Why did Greece invade Bulgaria in 1925?
14) Why did Greece complain that the League “seem to have one rule for the large states (such as Italy) and another for the smaller ones?
- The aims of the League were:
- to encourage nations to disarm
- to discourage aggression from any nation
- to improve the living and working conditions in all parts of the world
- to encourage countries to cooperate, especially in business and trade
2) What happened to Wilson was that he got very ill, so he could no longer be the United States’ president. However, his successor continued the campaign, which consisted in the United States joining the League. Unfortunately for him, the republican party won and they could not be part of the League of Nations
3)German immigrants didn’t want to join the league because this was supposed to enforce the Treaty of Versailles, and the German hated the treaty because they saw the treaty as a punishment to their country.
4)The economic reason the USA gave to get out of the League was that if the League imposed sanctions, it would be American trade and business that suffered a lot.
- 5)About European Imperialism, America felt that the league would be controlled by Britain and France, and this empires would call United States for help to defend themselves. Also, many of the US’ people were anti-empires. People disliked the fact that the League was being controlled by the Anglo-French Entente.
6) Poland attacked Vilna, mainly because they wanted territorial control of the city, as, before the Treaty of Versailles, this was a Polish city, however, after the treaty, it became the Lithuanian capital.Therefore, most of the population were Polish. The League of Nations, whose leaders were France & Britain, did not act about it because they were not prepared to, as they were recovering from war, and they feared that, if she took out Polish troops from Vilna, Poland would join forces with Germany.
7) Upper Silesia was the border between Poland and Germany. The population in there was a mix between Polish and German people. Germany wanted to remain this zone, as it was a very rich and important industrial zone in Europe, and because of the German population inside the area. For example, the twenty-one percent of the German coal production belonged to Upper Silesia, and the population was divided in a sixty percent Polish and forty percent German.
8) This problem was not solved because the League was not prepared to act, as its members and leaders were all recovering from war. In fact, this conflict was a failure for the League. In addition, the Anglo-French Entente feared that, if they took out Polish soldiers from Vilna, Poland would join forces with Germany. Therefore, the League allowed Poland to keep Vilna.
9)The League ruled on a dispute between Finland and Sweden for the Aaland Islands. In order to solve this conflict, she measured the distance from the island to both countries. Finland was closer, so Switzerland accepted the League’s decision of Finland keeping the Aaland islands
10) Mussolini decided to invade Greece because, at first, there was a border dispute between Greece and Albania, and the Conference of Ambassadors, who was given this job, appointed an Italian general called Tellini to supervise it. While Tellini and his team were supervising Greece’s part of the frontier, they were killed. Mussolini, the Italian leader, blamed the Greeks and demanded that she had to pay a compensation and kill the murderers, but the Greece state didn´t know who the murderers were. As Greece did not do anything about the Mussolini’s demands, on August 31st, he bombarded and occupied the islands of Corfu.
11)The League’s decision over the Corfu islands was criticised because, as the historian Zara Steiner said: “the dispute showed that the weakest of the great powers could get it’s way when Britain and France agreed to sacrifice justice for cooperation”. What she meant was that the League didn’t had power over other countries and that she would do anything for cooperation.
12)The Geneva Protocol said that if there was a dispute between two members of the League, the conflict would be taken to the League and both countries would have to accept the Council’s decision. Unfortunately, as there was a new conservative government in Britain, she did not signed the protocol because she feared that Great Britain would be forced to agree with something that she was not interested in. This situation weakened the League
13)Greece decided to attack Bulgaria because there was a border incident where some Greek soldiers were killed. Bulgaria appealed to the League and, after a long conflict, this situation concluded on Greece paying a bill of forty-five thousand pounds in compensation.
14)Greece complained that their seemed to be some rules for large states and other rules for other states because it seemed that the most powerful countries were more important and had more priorities over the smaller states and most of the League’s disputes she resolved concluded with benefits for the Great Powers. For example, in the dispute for Corfu, it was Mussolini who decided to start firing, but the problem concluded on Italy staying with the islands.