Archivo de la etiqueta: ww1

History Essay N°2

 

Statement: How successful was Wilson on achieving his aims at Versailles? Explain your answer.

 

    

 

   As an idealist, Wilson had lots of aims ,which he presented in the Paris Peace Conference, to achieve a fair and lasting peace in the world. However, not all of them were accomplished. In this essay, I will say how successful Wilson was in achieving his aims at Versailles by saying which aims he had, which ones were accepted and which ones not.

   Before the war ended, in 1918,  Woodrow Wilson presented some aims to achieve  world peace called “the fourteen points” in the United States’ congress. This ones were: no secret treaties, open seas, free trade between countries, disarmament, colonies to have a say in their future, German troops to leave Russia, Independence for Belgium, France to regain Alsace-Lorraine, Frontier between Austria and Italy to be adjusted, Self-determination for countries from Eastern Europe, Serbia to have access to the sea, Self-determination for the people of the Turkish empire, Poland to be independent and to have access to the sea and the League of Nations, an international organization to assure lasting peace and to save the world from another war, to be set up. Afterwards, during the post-war period, he established his principal aims for the conference: Don’t be too harsh on Germany, because she would recover and seek revenge in the future. Then, strengthen democracy in defeated countries, for example Germany. Also, to give self-determination to small countries that once had been part of the European empires and International cooperation, which is referred to the League of Nations.

  On the one hand, many of these points were accepted. To begin with, one of the issues that was accepted was the League of Nations, starting to work in 1920. Then, open seas and independence for Poland. This new country was given  part of Germany, but on one of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany’s territories and colonies, affirmed that Poland would be a new country and she would have a port in Danzig, city now controlled by the League of Nations. Also, France regained Alsace-Lorraine, because in the Franco-Prussian war Germany  had taken it from the French empire. Finally, disarmament and self-determination to small countries that once had been part of the European empires were taken into account but only for Germany.

   On the other hand, there were some aims which were not respected. Firstly, Wilson did not achieve a fair and lasting peace, because in the treaty the big three obligated Germany to accept the guilt of starting the war. Secondly, free access to seas was not reached by Woodrow because they prohibited  the access to sea to Germany. Thirdly, free trade could not be a possibility because many of the countries had their economy in a very bad shape, mostly Germany who had to pay reparations. Fourthly, strengthen democracy for defeated countries because the German government was not strong at all after the treaty. Lastly, disarmament and self-determination to small countries that once had been part of the European empires were not completely reached because it was only applied to one country.

   To conclude, Wilson was not so successful in achieving his aims in the treaty because some of them were not respected and some of them were not even taken into account. Also, he searched a long and lasting peace, but the only thing that he got was a whole country filled with the desire of revenge.

Conversation between Woodrow Wilson, David Lloyd George And Georges Clemenceau-Paris Peace Conference

Luz Esteban, Matias Ripoll and I made a conversation between “the big three”, which consisted on talking about what did they wanted as a compensation of the war, their views about the fourteen points and which punishment did Germany had to face.

Conversation

In my opinion, this helped me a lot on my studying because now I can know what things the wanted, their ideas and thoughts in a specific and clear way. In addition, the conversation stays “recorded” in my mind, helping me to know everything, and it’s a very interesting and entertaning way of learning more about the Treaty of Versailles

I personally enjoyed the recording, because I found funny the fact that we made the voices of the big three.

Sincerilly, I found this way of working very entertaning and I think that I would not change anything, except for one thing which is the size of the dialogue.

Development and Info of WW1

With Lenny, we did groups and prepared presentations for every single year of the first world War and some people did presentations giving information of, for example, trenches and life of soldiers.

1914:

1915:

1916:

1917:

1918:

Trenches:
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Life of soldiers:

Journey’s end

Essay writing History Causes of WW1

     Essay writing final version

“Naval rivalry was the main cause of WW1.” How far do you agree with this statement? Explain.

 

Naval race was very important by leading to war. However, there are other causes that were as important as this one. In this essay, I will say how far I agree with the statement, in addition to how each cause contributed to the start of the war by creating tension.

First, the naval race was a very important cause and created tension between countries because it showed that the empires were preparing for a future war. In this reason, which led to war, were involved the German empire and Great Britain. What happened was that these two empires were in a kind of competition between them to see who had the most powerful naval army. This was between them because they were the two empires with the most powerful naval army in the world. This was because, for the two of them, it was essential to have a strong naval force. In the case of Germany, as she was a growing empire, she had to expand, but in Europe countries had strong military forces so, by ship, they could travel to other places to conquer. On the other hand, the British empire, as Great Britain was an island, she had to travel to all her colonies and, as she was an established empire, Britain also moved her troops.

As I said before, the naval race was a very important cause, but in my opinion, the other causes were as important as it because they all contributed to the start of the war by creating tension. In the group of the long term causes, we have the unification of Germany, the unification of Italy, the Franco-Prussian war, Imperialism, Alliances and Nationalism. In the group of the short term causes, without mentioning the naval race,  we have the first and second Moroccan crisis, the arms race, the Balkans crisis, the murder at Sarajevo and, as well as the group of the long term causes, we have alliances. The unification of Germany influenced a lot because, after this happened, she would start to have ambition of power and the intention to grow, which later on she did. The unification of Italy influenced because, as well as Germany did, she would have the intention to grow. The Franco-Prussian war was very important because it was one of the events which led to Germany becoming unified. It also created tension between Germany and France. In addition, this event was one of the reasons why the Schlieffen plan was taken into account. As regards imperialism, in my opinion, without it war would never have happened because each country might have their own land and their own government. There were three types of empires: the decaying, the established and the growing empires. This contributed a lot to the start of the war because, as the growing empires had the intention to grow, they attacked the other empires and countries with military forces. For example, Germany, a growing empire, attacked other countries and empires to expand. Nationalism created tension and fear because the ethnic groups would have to fight the empire they are under the control of with military forces and with help of their alliances. For example, the ethnic groups under the control of the Ottoman empire fought her to get their independence. The first Moroccan crisis created tension because, as Germany and France wanted Morocco, this would make their rivalry stronger. Also, in a conference in Algeciras, Spain,most of Europe’s empires and countries attended . In there, these countries agreed that all countries should have trade advantages with Morocco but France with some more. Germany felt humiliated because their plan to conquer Morocco went wrong, so her anger increased. The second Moroccan crisis, as well as the first Moroccan crisis, created tension, especially between France and Germany, because, as the sultan of Morocco asked for help to France to take out the rebel tribes out of Rez, Germany felt humiliated and jealous so she sent an aggressive answer, which was a gunboat. When Britain saw this situation, she thought that the German empire would build a naval base in Agadir so, in sign of Peace, she gave Germany some lands in Congo, Central Africa. At the end, France kept Morocco. The arms race, in which France, Russia, Germany and Great Britain were involved, created tension because this showed that empires were preparing for a future war. The Balkans crisis created tension between the ethnic groups of the balkans and the Austro-Hungarian empire because, as Serbia was inspiring Bosnia and Herzegovina, which was under the control of Austria-Hungary, to get independent from the Austro-Hungarians, this would result in a chain reaction, inspiring other countries under the control of the Austro-Hungarian empire to get independent from her. The murder at Sarajevo was very important because it was the event that gave the excuse to Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia. Finally, the alliances created tension and fear because they were pacts between countries which consisted in always helping and defending the other. This also encouraged countries to invade others, as Austria-Hungary did with Germany to send the ultimatum to Serbia.

In conclusion, I think the statement is wrong because, in my opinion, all the causes had the same importance because they all contributed to the start of the war by creating tension.